Immediately prior to the start of the war, the law on compulsory education was voted in by the Belgian Parliament.

educationThis law made it compulsory for all girls and boys aged between 6 and 14 years old to attend a primary school of their choice, with parents facing criminal charges if they did not. Under the occupation, education in Brussels continued uninterrupted as the German authorities applied Belgian legislation in the matter. However, the occupying power influenced the school's choice of language, predominantly favouring a Flemish education.

Already concerned about children's diets prior to the war, the city of Brussels developed its school canteens throughout the duration of the conflict, with the widespread distribution of bread and soup, subsidised by the Brussels section of the Comité National de Secours et d'Alimentation.